Okay, well, it’s Saturday, and I’m now, more or less, at the bus stop, waiting for the bus.
It’s mildly interesting that the Saturday schedule for my first bus of the day is the same as its weekday schedule. That will get me to the Tri Rail station in time for the second train of the day‒they run on a reduced schedule on Saturdays‒which will board only about 20 minutes later than the one I’ve been catching during the week. So that’s rather nice. I don’t even really have to change my commuting schedule, even though it’s Saturday.
I appreciate not having to change my routine.
Speaking of not having to change my routine‒and of being “more or less” at the bus stop‒I’m not sitting down to write this because someone is using the bus stop bench as a place to lie down, or at least to recline. I think it might be that shouty lady from earlier this week.
I’m quite frustrated that anyone is using a public spot, paid for to at least some degree by the people who ride the bus, as a place to lay out, but when I calm myself down, I can sympathize with the fact that she doesn’t have anyplace to go. Still, why lie out at the bus stop at an intersection that’s busy even on Saturday mornings?
The main road is six lanes wide here, and though the crossroad is not as big, it’s still a pretty busy road. I would think it would be preferable to go someplace where there was greater peace and quiet.
I suppose one might be more vulnerable in more secluded places, but one could pick a spot with relative care, and I would think it would be more pleasant. Heck, just on the other side of the crossroad, there’s another stop with a bigger bench and a better shelter, where one would still be close to the intersection and protected by the relatively high traffic from at least any unobserved crime.
Sigh. It’s so wonderful to have worked hard all one’s life and tried to do the right thing and be very highly educated and to have striven to be a benefit to the world and then be stuck at age 53 not being able to sit at the bus stop early Saturday morning because a homeless person is using it to recline…and to muse about the ins and outs and safety concerns for such a homeless person, because it’s not completely impossible one might be such oneself (I have been in close to that situation, sleeping in the back of a rental vehicle for which I was not paying on a few nights while out on bail).
I know that the universe promises us one thing and one thing only, and it certainly doesn’t make bargains or special deals with anyone. But it’s still frustrating. I feel like I’ve wasted so much time and effort. I feel like I’m still wasting time and effort.
Of course, all time is wasted in some sense; in any case, it passes‒or we pass through it, or whatever‒no matter what we do in it. And, of course, even the nature of time itself is unclear. It certainly isn’t one vast, monolithic, singular thing that is the same for everyone in the universe. As I’ve speculated before, it may even have more than one past-future orientation, just as up-down changes depending where you are on the surface of the Earth.
It’s partly because of that fact of time’s locality that one can actually model a universe that begins at a finite place‒say, the isolated collapse of a hypothetical inflaton field‒and yet becomes an infinite space to those within that bubble. Because time is local and causality only proceeds at the speed of light, at least in our part of the universe, it can all depend on one’s point of view.
Of course, it’s by no means certain that inflationary cosmology describes the way our universe came to be, though it is internally consistent. Other possible models include Roger Penrose’s Conformal Cyclic Cosmology‒which I like a lot, aesthetically*‒in which the accelerating expansion in a universe, leading to eventual increase of entropy to where nothing can really exist any longer, leads to or simply becomes the highly uniform, comparatively low entropy state of the next universe, just on locally small scales. Entropy, after all, is not necessarily on a fixed, absolute measure, nor is space itself. Entropy can be small in a tiny region that then expands to become a much larger one, still with low local entropy.
It’s a bit analogous, I think, to taking a number line and multiplying everything in it by two, so that the space between any two previously chosen points on the line is doubled, but the number line itself is just as infinite as it was before.
The nature of the real numbers being what it is, there’s an uncountable infinity of numbers between any two points on the real number line, and so there’s room to grow a universe of any size you might like from the space between any two locations on a number line‒or in a 4-D spacetime.
Penrose has posited that it would be conceivable for the residents of such a universe, if they knew and understood the kind of universe they were in, to leave behind messages in the very fabric of mass and energy arrangement in their universe for the people in the next universe‒nothing very complex, I would guess, but maybe just enough to make it clear that they had existed.
I’m not sure why people who were approaching the heat death of their particular universal iteration would bother with doing that, but maybe they would. A bigger question to me would be, how would they target it? If spacetime were expanding exponentially, as it seems to be doing even now, then every future “observable” universe would lie only within a tiny tiny tiny chunk of what was left of the previous universe. So how would a previous universe’s intelligent life choose where to leave the message? Would they try to encode it in every possible tiny region of their spacetime? That would require engineering on a cosmic (but highly detailed) scale, and if you can do that, why not alter the expansion of the universe in the first place?
Of course, that’s not relevant to whether the notion of CCC is correct, just to the question of if such messages would be possible and how they might be carried out. My more itchy question is, whence would the energy and particles of each new iteration of the ever-expanding universe arise?
In the Inflationary model of cosmology, all the immense energy that suffused our early universe was “created” when the hypothetical inflaton field underwent a phase transition and dropped to a lower energy state, so the local inflaton particles quickly decayed into all the particles of our more familiar quantum fields.
Inflation is not universally (ha ha) accepted, but certain aspects of it are certainly plausible and are supported by at least some data. For instance, our universe is currently inflating, based on our best data and understanding. That’s the Dark Energy stuff about which you’ve probably heard.
Exponential expansion is exponential expansion. The doubling rate can change, but it still blows up at ever-increasing speeds. If you compress or stretch your time axis, all exponential growth curves look the same. It’s a little like that Conformal Cyclic Cosmology notion.
Anyway, as far as the source of the “reheating” of the universe in CCC as opposed to inflation, I doubt that Sir Roger Penrose has overlooked or missed that question. He frikking brilliant‒even when he’s wrong he’s smarter than most of us are when we’re as right as we ever get**. I just need to read a little more deeply into his model to figure out where that comes from.
Perhaps that will also allay my puzzlement about the “leaving a message” notion. I simply haven’t finished his book on the subject. It didn’t help that, as of last check, it wasn’t available in e-book format, and so I only have the paperback. Not that there’s anything wrong with paperbacks, but it’s less convenient to carry 400+ of them around with you at any given time than Kindle format books, and so you’re less likely to have any one of them with you on any given day.
Oh, well. I’ll see what I can do about learning more. That’s rarely a waste of time, at least.
Wow, this post has really meandered from one thought to another, going truly across the universe‒and beyond, depending on how you define the word “universe”. Perhaps it would be best to use “Omniverse” when describing the totality of all possible realities, as the wizard does in DFandD.
Speaking thereof, if any of you have read it and would like to make any comments about it, I’d be delighted to receive them, either here or on the blog post proper that entails my sharing of that story (so far).
In the meantime, my train should be here in 5 minutes (I rode the bus in between these two times). My estimate of the schedule was correct, as is usually the case when I bother to check and when people and organizations keep to their own, voluntarily chosen schedules, on which numerous people act in reliance. Don’t get me started on that topic. I’ve already written way more than I would have expected from such inauspicious beginnings.
Have a nice weekend, all. I won’t be posting tomorrow, barring the unforeseen, but I will be back on Monday‒again, barring the unforeseen. Those unknown unknowns can strike at any time. Take care, and be as prepared as you can reasonably be.
*This is no reason to think it’s more likely to be correct than any less aesthetically pleasing model, but it keeps it fun.
**He also looks rather a lot like my former Uncle Barney. That’s neither here nor there, but I wanted to make sure I said it at some point. So, there, now I have.